The opioid epidemic has been a serious issue in the United States for several years. Overdoses from these drugs have risen dramatically and several people have become in need of opioid addiction treatment. One such drug that has been part of the problem is oxycodone.
What Is Oxycodone?
Oxycodone is a type of semisynthetic opioid used to treat pain. It can come in a variety of forms including immediate-release and extended-release tablets as well as different brand names. Percocet and Percodan both contain oxycodone and are immediate-release drugs. OxyContin is an extended-release form of oxycodone.
Although oxycodone has valid medical purposes and is prescribed by doctors, it can also be dangerous if abused. Oxycodone has a high propensity for dependence, so people often need formal oxycodone addiction treatment to safely stop misuse once they become addicted to the drug
How Long Does Oxycodone Stay in Your System?
Although the effects of the drug may wear off in a few hours, oxycodone may still be present in a person’s system for much longer. In some cases, traces of oxycodone may even be found months after it was last taken.
Just how long oxycodone stays in the body and its detection time will depend on a variety of factors and could be different for everyone. Generally, people who use oxycodone long-term or in heavier doses are more likely to have traces of this drug in their bodies for an extended time.
Oxycodone Drug Test Detection Times
Because traces of the drug can remain in the body long after the effects wear off, oxycodone can be detected by drug tests after the immediate high passes. The exact detection time of oxycodone can vary from person to person and will change based on several factors.
The oxycodone detection time may depend on:
- Frequency of use
- Age of the user
- Gender of the user
- Diet of user
- Weight of the user
- Type of drug test
Arguably the biggest factor impacting the detection time of oxycodone is the type of drug test used. Different drug tests have different windows of detection and some are more accurate than others.
Because they are noninvasive and easy to execute, urine tests are the most popular way to test for the presence of oxycodone in the body. Generally, the oxycodone detection time of urine is around two to four days.1
While highly accurate, the oxycodone detection time for blood tests is shorter. Generally, oxycodone can only be detected in blood for about 24 hours after the last dose.2
While not commonly used, hair samples have a much larger window of detection. The oxycodone detection time from a hair sample may extend as far back as 90 days.2
Saliva drug tests are also rare. Generally, these tests can detect opioids in the body like oxycodone within the last 50 hours.2
Oxycodone Metabolism & Half-Life
Whether or not oxycodone is detected in a drug test not only depends on the window of detection time of the test itself but also largely on how oxycodone is metabolized. After ingestion, oxycodone is processed through the digestive system and is broken down in the liver. Most of the leftover metabolites are then excreted in the urine.3
The half-life of a drug refers to the amount of time it takes the body to metabolism half of the amount of the substance ingested. Generally, an oral dose of oxycodone has a half-life anywhere from 2.5 to 4 hours.3 The half-life and metabolic rate of oxycodone can be impacted by several factors including the frequency of use, route of administration, and dosage of the drug as well as a person’s gender, age, diet, and weight.
Regular abuse may lead to a longer oxycodone detection timeline, and different routes of administration tend to have different metabolic rates because of the way the body initially processes the drug. Also, if larger amounts of oxycodone were ingested, traces of the drug will most likely be detectable in the body for a longer period of time.
The metabolic rate of oxycodone may also be impacted by individual differences. Younger users tend to have faster metabolisms in general and may be able to metabolize oxycodone at a faster rate. Women are also believed to eliminate oxycodone 25% slower than men.3 Those with a higher body fat ratio may retain oxycodone for longer periods of time, and food and water intake could also impact how quickly the body can process the drug.
When opioid abuse continues, it can lead to serious consequences for the user as well as their families. At Vertava Health Ohio, formerly The Bluffs, we want to help. Because Ohio is a state with one of the highest rates of opioid overdoses, we understand just how dangerous these drugs can be and have witnessed their destruction firsthand.
With programs tailored to patients’ unique needs, our Ohio drug rehab is here to help you or your loved one safely overcome these addictions and move forward with your lives. Contact us today to learn more.